The George Washington University
Department of Organizational Sciences
and Communication
Industrial/Organizational Psychology and Organizational Scences Programs
David P. Costanza, Ph.D.
Associate Professor of 
Organizational Sciences and of Psychology
Chair - Department of Organizational Sciences and Communication

Contact Information
Department of Organizational Sciences and Communication
600 21st Street NW, #201
Washington, D.C. 20052
202-994-1875 (o)
202-994-1881 (f)
office hours: by appointment

  Biographical Information
  Research Interests & Current Projects
  Publications & Presentations
  Courses Taught
  Contact Information

Biographical Information

Dr. Costanza earned his Bachelor's in Psychology from the University of Virginia. After working for Contel Corporation and then GTE for five years as a telecommunications manager, he returned to school at George Mason University where he earned his Master's and Doctoral degrees in Industrial/Organizational Psychology. He started at The George Washington University in 1995, with a joint appointment in both the Organizational Sciences Program and the Department of Psychology. He was recently elected Chair of the new Department of Organizational Sciences and Communication. Since 1999, he has worked with the Army Research Institute's Research and Advanced Concepts office, via the Consortium of Research Universities, as Senior Research Fellow. He has done consulting and project work in the areas of job analysis, selection test validation, and performance appraisal development. He was on the project team that developed the prototype for the Department of Labor's initiative to update the Dictionary of Occupational Titles, the Occupational Information Network (O*NET), creating the Knowledges content domain.

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Research Interests & Current Projects

Dr. Costanza's research interests fall into several general areas: leadership, and organizational growth and decline process, and industrial/personnel psychology. He has also recently taken an interest in educational and training issues associated with the teaching of I/O Psychology and currently serves as the Co-Editor of the Education and Training column in TIP.

   Leadership and Organizational Growth and Decline
The primary focus of this stream of research is the intersection between leadership and organizational processes, specifically the negative or destructive impact that leaders may have on organizational outcomes. He originally explored this topic in his dissertation and continues to investigate it in several ongoing projects. A specific focus of this work is the intersection between leadership and organizational outcomes.

   Industrial/Personnel Psychology
His primary work in this area has been two projects. The first was a major initiative by the Department of Labor to re-evaluate its standard for job specific information (The Dictionary of Occupational Titles). As a result of this assessment, DOL determined that the Dictionary was out of date and needed to be revised and expanded. Dr Costanza worked with the project team to develop a new job information system: O*NET: The Occupational Information Network. O*NET incorporated both existing job analysis descriptors and information as well as several new descriptors (including his contribution: job-relevant knowledges) to describe every job in the US economy. Second, he has done work with the Department of Defense on the development and refinement of various personnel systems, including performance appraisals (PA) and selection testing.  

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Sample Publications & Presentations


    Costanza, D. P. (In press). Whither I/O: Get thee from psychology? The Industrial/Organizational Psychologist.  
    Gade, P. A., Costanza, D. P., & Kaplan, J. D. (2005). Reviewing contract and grant proposals. In R. Sternberg (Ed.). Reviewing scientific works in psychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.  
    Drago, R., Caplan, R. D., Costanza, D. P., Brubaker, T. K., Cloud, D., Harris, N. C., Kashian, R., & Riggs, T. L. (2000). The Longest Day: Working Time for Teachers. In Deborah Figart and Lonnie Golden (Eds.), Working Time: International Trends, Theory and Policy Perspectives. Advances in Social Economics series. London: Routledge.  
    Costanza, D. P., Fleishman, E. A., & Marshall-Mies, J. C. (1999). Knowledges. In N. G. Peterson, M. D. Mumford, W. C. Borman, P. R. Jeanneret, & E. A. Fleishman (Eds.), An Occupational Information System for the 21st Century: The Development of O*NET. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
    Drago, R., Caplan, R. D., Costanza, D. P., Brubaker, T., Cloud, D., Donohoe, S., Harris, N. C., & Riggs, T. L. (1998). Time for surveys: Do busy people complete time diaries? Society and Leisure (Loisir et Societe), 21, 555-562
    Mumford, M. D., Costanza, D. P., Connelly, M. S., & Johnson, J. (1996). Item generation procedures and background data scales: Implications for construct and criterion related validity. Personnel Psychology, 49, 361-398.
    Kisamore, J. L., Costanza, D. P., Steinheider, B., & Reiter-Palmon, R. (2006, May). Leaving the psychology tower: Non-traditional programs in I/O psychology. Symposium conducted at the annual meeting of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Dallas, TX.
    Hunter, A., Morewitz, C., & Costanza, D. (2006, February). The impact of founders on organizational culture and performance. Paper presented at the annual Industrial-Organizational and Organizational Behavior Student Conference. George Mason University. Fairfax, VA.
    Costanza, D. P., Hamilton, B. L., Martin, N. R., Westall, C. L., & Dyomina, N. (2003, April). A qualitative leadership study: Impact on individual and organizational outcomes. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Orlando, FL.
    Costanza, D. P. (2002, February). Organizational outcomes: Do leaders matter? Invited Address, American Psychological Association, March 28th, 2002, Washington, D.C.
    Costanza, D. P., Drago, R., & Caplan, R. D. (2000, April). A multi-level approach to investigating work-family policies and their impact on work and family outcomes. Symposium at the annual meetings of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, New Orleans, LA.
    Drago, R., Caplan, R. D., & Costanza, D. P. (2000, February). Dual-earner families, employers, and coping with overwork . Symposium at the Annual Meetings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington, D.C.

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  Courses Taught
   Organizational Evolution; Organizational Theory; Organizational Processes and Life Cycles; Organizational Development; Personnel Testing and Selection; Personnel Evaluation; Training and Performance Appraisal; Human Performance and Productivity; Statistics, Dissertation Proposal Writing; Freshman Advising Workshop; Introduction to I/O Psychology

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Last Revised: August 24, 2006