The Licht research group has taken on the challenge of a comprehensive solution to climate change. We’re working towards changing today’s fossil fuel, to a renewable chemical economy, replacing the largest greenhouse gas emitters, including iron & fuel production by new, inexpensive, solar, CO2-free, chemistries.

A new fundemental solar process has been introduced. This STEP process efficiently removes carbon from the atmosphere and generates the staples needed by society, ranging from fuels, to metals, bleach and construction materials, at high solar efficiency and without carbon dioxide generation. By using the full spectrum of sunlight, STEP captures more solar energy than the most efficient solar cell or photoelectrochemical processes.

STEP's concentrated sunlight drives new high temperature molten CO2-free syntheses at industrial production rates.

In the field of energy storage for devices ranging from EVs to consumer electronics and peak power storage, we're pioneering the study of new multiple electron (per molecule) storage processes, to learn to create batteries and fuel cells with greater storage capacity than gasoline.

En route to new renewable energy pathways, our explorations range from water thermodynamics to new environmental methodologies & from quantum mechanics to H2, halide, chalcogenide & transition metal chemistry.

Recent Publications - Selected from over 300 Peer Reviewed Patents & Publications

  • Licht, Cui, Wang, Li, Lau, Lui "Ammonia synthesis by N2 & steam ... in … nanoscale Fe2O3," 345, Science, in press (8/8/2014).
  • Licht, Cui "A Low Temperature Iron Molten Air Battery," J. Materials Chemistry A, 2, 10577 (2014).
  • Licht, Cui, Stuart, Wang, Lau "Molten Air Batteries - A new, highest energy class of batteries," Energy & Environvironmental Science, 3646 (2013).
  • Farmand, Licht, Ramaker, "Studying Multi-electron Charge Transfer in Fe(VI)," J. Phys. Chem. C., 117, 19875 (2013).
  • Cui, Licht "Critical STEP advances for sustainable iron production," Green Chemistry, 15, 881 (2013).
  • Stuart, et al, "Fabrication of VB2 / Air cells," J. Visualized Experiments., 2, 58 (2013).
  • Rhodes, Stuart, Lopez, Li, Waje, Mullings, Lau, Licht, Evaluation of … nanoscopic VB2/air batteries” J. Power Sources, 239, 244 (2013).
  • Wang, Hu, W, Licht, "Solar STEP wastewater treatment with synergistic production of hydrogen” Electrochem. Sci. Lett., 2, H34 (2013).
  • Licht, Wu, Hettige, Lau, Asercion, Stuart "STEP Cement: CaO without CO2 " Chem. Comm., 48, 6019 (2012).
  • Licht, Hettige, Lau, Cubeta, Wu Stuart, Wang "Nano-VB2 synthesis from elemental vanadium & boron,” Electrochem. Solid State Lett.,15, A12 (2012).
  • Wang, Wu, Zhang, Licht, "STEP Wastewater Treatment, "ChemSusChem, 5, 2000 (2012).
  • Licht, "Efficient Solar-Driven Synthesis, Carbon Capture, and Desalinization, STEP: Production of Fuels, Metals, Bleach," Adv. Mat., 47, 5592 (2011).

Past Publications - Selected from over 300 Peer Reviewed Patents & Publications

  • Licht, "STEP: A solar chemical process to end anthropogenic global warming," J. Phys. Chem. C.,  113, 16283 (2009).
  • Licht, Wu, Yu, Wang " Renewable Highest Capacity VB2/Air Energy Storage " Chem. Comm., 3257 (2008).
  • Licht, Halperin, Kalina, Zidman "Electrochemical Potential Tuned Solar Water Splitting" Chem. Comm., 3006 (2003).
  • Licht, Wang, Mukerji, Soga, Umeno, Tributsch "Over 18% solar energy conversion to generation of H2 fuel; …," Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 26, 7 (2001).
  • Licht, Wang, Ghosh, "Energetic Iron(VI) Chemistry: The Super-Iron Battery," Science, 285,  1039 (1999).
  • Peramunage, Licht, "A Novel Solid Sulfur Cathode for Aqueous Batteries," Science, 261, 1029 (1993).
  • Licht, Peramunage, "Efficiency in a liquid solar cell," Nature, 354, 440 (1991).
  • Licht, Peramunage, "Efficient photoelectrochemical solar cells," Nature, 345, 330 (1990).
  • Licht, Cammarata, Wrighton, "Time and Spatial Dependence of < 105 Microelectrode-generated Molecules" Science, 243,  1176 (1989).
  • Licht, Hodes, Tenne, Manassen, "A Light Variation Insensitive High Effic. Solar Cell," Nature, 326, 863 (1987).
  • Licht, "A Description of Energy Conversion in Photoelectrochemical Solar Cells," Nature, 330, 148 (1987).
  • Licht "pH Measurement in Concentrated Alkaline Solutions" Analytical Chemistry, 57, 514 (1985).

Prof. Stuart Licht completed his Ph.D. at the Weizmann Institute, and a Postdoc at MIT. Prior to joining the faculty at George Washington University, he served as a Program Director at the NSF, was Chair of Chemistry at UMass, and has received awards including the Electrochemical Society Energy Technology Research Award, the Gustella Award of the Technion, and held the Carlson Endowed Chair in Chemistry at Clark University

For further information contact Prof. Stuart Licht, George Washington University,

The George Washington University information is at GWU's Foggy Bottom Campus is located four blocks from the White House GWU's Science & Technology Campus is located near Dulles Airport, in Ashburn, VA.

Licht group's offices & laboratories are at the Science & Technology Campus, Ashburn, VA, phone: 703-726-8225

Licht's DC Office is in the Department of Chemistry, 725 21st Street, NW, Washington, DC, phone: 202-994-6121